Training-redeployment to Establish the Qualifications Required by the Business World Convertir en PDF Version imprimable Suggérer par mail
1000 university graduates will integrate National Education, after a training of two months.
A program of training and integration for other 3450 graduates will soon be launched.
The compagnies involved in The  development of training programs.  


Abbas Al Fassi will he succeed in what his predecessors have failed,that means on the file, how thorny, graduates unemployed? If Unemployed graduates are those of higher education with a doctorate, it seems that a draft solution exists today. It must be said that the record on which the new prime minister and some members of the Executive are looked, Tuesday Nov. 20,was marked by his predecessor, Driss Jettou, which concluded on previous 2ndAugust,an agreement with 25 associations "representatives" of this category of job seekers.

What is offered to unemployed graduates, and that they have accepted - hence the importance of this initiative - is to benefit at the expense of the state, of training / retraining to establish for them the qualifications required by the world of business. Exit the requirement, which have encountered all previous initiatives, of a pure and simple integration in the public service.

Except for 1 000 people who will be recruited in the international Education, through two retraining months to gain elements of pedagogy to practice this profession, the training program / insert is taken into account by the Prime concerns 3 450 graduates, but for whom no commitment recruitment has been made. This is to ensure qualifying training to help them integrate more easily into the workforce. A budget of 167 million dirhams has been dedicated for this operation.
 Taking into account the profiles of each, three types of training have been arrested: science and technology, humanities and social sciences and economics, law and management (knowing that more than half are of scientific training). Over a period of eleven months, in which three months of immersion in business, these courses will be taught in large schools of engineering, scientists, and universities for other profiles, said Nizar Baraka, Minister Delegate to the Prime Minister charged for Economic and general Affairs. Interestingly, the training programs to provide to beneficiaries will be developed taking into account the needs of the market, which provides more opportunities for winners to quickly find a job. It is for this reason that the contents of these programs will be defined by trainers institutions together with associations of productive sectors. One (or more) meeting (s) with the CGEM in particular, will intervene in this sense, "says Nizar Baraka.

Spread over several phases, with a total duration of 24 months, the training / insertion, will begin in Rabat, chosen as the “pilot” site, from the end of this year, benefiting 240 graduates who will be divided in three Large schools: 120 at the Mohammedia school of engineers, 60 at the National School of Informatics and data analysis and another 60 at the National Institute of Posts and Telecommunications. The next step, expected around the month of May, will be beneficial for holders of diplomas in arts and economic sciences, legal, social and of management.

The program starts at the end of the year
 the approach to resolve this issue is both social (as is the state that supports the program) and economic (the training received corresponding to the needs expressed by enterprises themselves). This seems convenient to the wishes of university graduates who participated in the signing of the agreement on the formation / insertion, last August. "I hope that solving this problem will follow a social approach, taking into account the age of the graduates, some of whom exceed forty years, and the nature of their diploma," said one of them. The nature of diplomas, precisely, a former minister said to understand, “to some extent ", claims or demonstrations before the Parliament, organized regularly by this category of unemployed. “It's our educational system that has formed, and this system lacks flexibility. That is to say it can not change streams once it was realized that we did not make the right choice. Elsewhere, crossing from one branch to another are possible, not here.”

The question that remained open, however, is how many university graduates are seeking it only 4 500? Perhaps, in the case of "doctors" much more if we take into account all graduated (see supervised). One thing is certain: the official rate of unemployment among university graduates approaching 24%.

In France, for example, surveys by the INSEE (National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies) show that the higher the degree is, the lower the unemployment rate is important. According to 2005 statistics, the unemployment rate for non-graduates in France is twice higher than that of those holders of at least equal to BAC +2. It is true that in developed economies, the diploma is sought, very much appreciated then it is the means to create value for the performance, competitiveness. This is not really the case of the Moroccan economy (although developments are noted, particularly in the market services sector). Based on competitiveness through wage costs, it has a tendency to favour low-skilled labour. Moreover, theof exports reflect this situation.
 Another factor often cited to explain the reluctance of entrepreneurs to recruit senior graduates: the rigidity of the labour market. "One can more easily be separated from his wife as from an employee, especially if there are degrees. Unless you agree to bleed.” This sentence, who has not heard it from a contractor or in a recruitment office? In a way to introduce "more flexibility" on this aspect that the new Labour Code has introduced the "barémisation" of redundancy payments, it is "normal" (sic) or abusive. Even so, the business thrives apprehension towards the graduates. "They are expensive," say some. It is true that with a marginal rate of income tax (IR), which already reached 42% from 6 000 dirhams, the company is not encouraged to promote its leadership (the rate at national, remains low). The proposal, contained in these columns, an industrial textiles, lowering the level of IR instead of the IS in the Finance Act 2008, in this respect the will of some is to alleviate the burdens on business. For, in fine, and whatever the will of governments is, the fight against unemployment is a matter rended to enterprises. Many also note that the training program / insertion, launched by Jettou and implemented now by Abbas El Fassi, can be achieved only through the involvement of enterprises. At that point, if the state can also recruit more heavily than in the past, it is incumbent on it to establish mechanisms to foster job creation.


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